The story of the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation
in Toronto and the Great Lakes area with Carolyn King, former Chief,
Thursday, June 8, 2017
Doors open at 7:00pm, Talk at 7:30pm
Refreshments * Free will offering appreciated
4066 Old Dundas Street, York, M6S 2R6
TTC bus 55 from Jane station stops at the door.
(416) 767-5472 email@example.com
2017 Heritage Talk June 8, Carolyn King
1763, Feb 10 the Treaty of Paris. The British defeated France and others in the European ‘Seven Years War’, taking over land claims France in North America. Cash strapped and weakened Britain needed friends. The following map represents how the war played out in North America. First Nations contributions are not mentioned.
1763, April 28 Pontiac and numerous First Nations declared war on Britain. Naturally the First Nations wanted total independence.
1763, Oct 7, The British Royal Proclamation declared British ownership of most of eastern North America and stipulated that land west of the Appalachian - St Lawrence watershed was Indian Territory. Many settlers in the 13 colonies did not like this.
1764 August. The Niagara Treaty signed and ceremonially accepted by numerous First Nations and representatives of the British royal family clearly enshrined permanent non interference in each others’ governance and made clarifications to the details of the Royal Proclamation. Wampum belts were exchanged by BOTH sides. The British clearly understood what this meant.
1764 Oct, 3. Provisional peace ended the fighting in Pontiac’s war on Oct 3, 1764. It looks to me that there was reason for optimism for relations between Britain and First nations, but that was not to be.
1765 saw the beginnings of American Revolution. Motivated largely by the desire to steal First Nations land and not pay British taxes Americans declared independance. The Mississaugas agreed to share their land with the British refugees. However, the refugees, British Empire Loyalists, did not share and ignored previous treaties. As they became stronger they seized all power.
First Nations peace treaties and alliances with Britain had a lot to do with why we were able to remain independent of France and the USA. Revisiting these treaties today may be a first step to bringing together our First Nations and Confederation. In 1763 Pontiac spoke of war. Today we must discuss solutions. Below, the Mississaugas visited Toronto to build friendship.
Wendat People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wyandot_people There were about 30,000 Wendat on first European contact. They more numerous than Iroquois. Great losses due to disease and British guns sold to their enemies. Now they are fragmented and widely dispersed, even using numerous national names.